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5个万能理由,教你回答托福独立口语题

2019-01-03 10:08     供稿单位: 新航道    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

  万能理由之一:

  Expand one's horizons

  作为万能理由的第一条,expand one's horizons 绝对是不二之选。究其本意,单数的horizon 是“地平线、海平线”的意思,但复数的horizons 却指人们的“眼界、视野”,其英文注释为:The limit of your ideas, knowledge and experience. 略举一例:World history is a course of study that will broaden your horizons.

  先看一个具体话题:

  Should the government help to build more museums and theaters?

  Yes, I think the government should help to build more recreational facilities.

  

  

  Enrich citizens' cultural life

  • expand young people's horizons

  • have a place to go for fun on weekends

  • art exhibitions can improve public taste

  再来看一个抽象话题:Describe the most important decision in your life. 面对此类抽象话题,最佳策略是将其具体化,变成一个日常生活话题,然后套用 我们的万能理由。

 

  请看思路:

  I think I made the most important decision in my life by choosing to go to an overseas university after graduation from high school in China.

  而其中的一条主干理由就是:

  It would broaden my horizons. 比如: Broaden my horizons

  • made friends with people from different backgrounds

  • travelled a lot around Europe and North America

  • visited various museums and historical places

  作为主干理由的 broaden my horizons,之下又 made friends, travelled a lot, visited various museums 等三条分支理由,思路极易展开。

 

  万能理由之二: Learn

  我们可以 learn skills, 也可以 learn lessons 或从某个experience 里面去learn,成为某种learning experience.

  很多情况下,knowledge 和 skills 是不分家的:比如Which of the following has more influence on you: newspaper, TV or teacher? 媒体类的newspaper 或TV 固然好讲,但teacher 无疑是最佳的选择,因为teacher 直接跟learning 挂钩:

 

  Teachers have more influence on me.

  Pass on me knowledge and skills:

  • attending class is the only effective way of learning

  • knowledge not found in textbooks can be acquired

  • learn practical skills in addition to academic knowledge

  类似的解题思路还体现在:

  People who attend college will be more successful in career than those who don't.

 

  显然,这是必须同意的命题:

  Yes, it is generally true that attending college can increase the chance of career success.

  Learn a lot of vital skills and gain knowledge:

  • academic knowledge helps to lay a solid foundation

  • reading and writing skills are vital to career success

  • having good presentation skills ensures promotion

  三条分支理由中比较好的表达有:

  lay a solid foundation, be vital to career success, ensure promotion. 分支理由越详细越好。Learn 作为万能理由我们可以正反面的充分论述观点,十分实用的论点。

 

  万能理由之三:

  Money, finance & economy

  很多话题都可以从经济的角度入手来回答。先来一道经典例题:The most important decision in your life.

 

  思路如下:

  Going to an overseas university

  Achieve my independence

  • started to live on my own

  • learned a lot of practical skills such as cooking

  • became financially independent through a part-time job

  如果我们选择 going to an overseas university作为答案, 其中的一条主干理由就是 achieve my independence, 而在所有的independence 之中,financial independence 无疑是最直接、最现成、最有说服力的一种。简单说,就是通过在国外打工,earn money and make a living.

  有些题目属于一眼就看穿思路的,如:Living alone vs. sharing rooms with other people.

 

  Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

  Sharing rooms is more affordable:

  • rental fee is relatively high for an average student

  • sharing rooms can ease their financial burden

  • other living expenses can also be shared

  在这个回答中,我们可以学习到很多跟钱相关的表达方式:affordable, rental fee, ease financial burden. 说穿了就是save money, reduce costs 的意思。

 

  万能理由之四:

  Relax, enjoy & have fun!

  第四条万能理由,主要是跟“快乐”、“幸福”、“休闲”、“放松”有关,关键词除了标题中的relax, enjoy, have fun 之外,还有happy, pleasure, joy, satisfaction, recreation等等。

  中国考生比较容易忽视这个理由,可能是与我们平时缺乏“快乐教育”有关,但在西方人眼里,没什么东西比快乐更重要的了。因此,如果我们在口语拓展中经常运用这一“快乐”思路,就跟英文思维不谋而合啦!

  我们从一道简单的题目开始:What do you do in your spare time?

 

  业余时间当然是快乐时光咯,请看详细的答题思路,如下:

  Well, I'd like to do various sports and recreational activities in my spare time.

  I enjoy a lot of sports:

  • doing sports regularly is good for my health

  • sports games such as basketball are fun

  • I can make a lot of new friends this way

  Recreation is important for me:

  • outdoor activities such as hiking are very relaxing

  • I can have a better balance between work and leisure

  • it is one of the best ways to improve my quality of life

  If you have a chance to choose your job freely, what kind of job will you choose? 我们选择一个job satisfaction 比较高的职业吧:

  I will choose a teaching job, probably teaching in a university.

  Teaching gives me a lot of satisfaction:

  • sharing knowledge with students is very enjoyable

  • happy to see students grow academically and personally

  • students often express their gratitude

 

  万能理由之五:

  Let's get emotional …

  从同义词和词性延伸的角度来说,我们还可以用feeling, mood, emotional 等关键词进行替换,而如果构成词组,则一般会用emotional support, emotional need, emotional bond, emotional problems 等。

  其实生活、工作、学习中的很多问题都跟emotion有直接或间接的关系,如果我们把这些理由点挖掘出来,可以形成一个强大的答题体系。而其中最基本的一个维度是把所有的emotion 分成positive 和negative 两大类。举个简单的例子,pride, enthusiasm, calmness是积极情感,而loneliness, isolation, depression则为消极情感。

  先看一个积极情绪:Describe a social celebration or political event in your culture.

 

  National Holiday celebrations

  A time to celebrate across the country:

  • there are parties, fireworks shows and gala performances

  • the purpose is to celebrate the birth of a new country

  • nationwide celebrations boost our national pride

  该回答选择了National Holiday( 国庆) 作为话题,通过celebrations来boost our nationalpride,而该思路还可以运用在international sports competitions 中:某国的运动员获胜了,该国民众的national pride 就提升了。

  相比之下,消极情绪会占的比例更多:Do you prefer to live alone or share rooms with other people?

 

  Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

  Having a roommate is fun:

  • share personal stories and secrets

  • a good companion can relieve loneliness

  • a great opportunity to develop interpersonal skills

  毫无疑问,上题中的loneliness 都是典型的负面情绪,也是很好的拓展思路。

 

 

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